注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

赵红梅工作室

风乍起,吹皱一池春水。

 
 
 

日志

 
 

八上英语U3-U4语法梳理:比较等级  

2013-11-05 06:19:01|  分类: 英语资料库 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
  (一)形容词、副词比较级和最高级的构成:

1. 单音节词和少数双音节词比较级和最高级的规则变化:

规则

原级

比较级

最高级

1.在词尾后直接加-er/est

tall

taller

tallest

2.词尾是e,只加-r/st

nice

nicer

nicest

3.以辅音字母加y结尾的,把y变i再加-er/est

happy

happier

happiest

4.重读闭音节,末尾只有一个辅音字母,双写这个辅音字母,再加-er/est

thin

thinner

thinnest

2. 其他双音节词或多音节词,在该词前面加-more/most

beautiful—more beautiful—(the) most beautiful

3. 由形容词加ly构成的双音节词和多音节词,都是在该词前加-more/most.

quickly—more quickly—(the) most quickly

difficultly—more difficultly—(the) most difficultly

4. 不规则变化:

good/well

better

best

bad/badly

worse

worst

many/much

more

most

little

less

least

far

farther/further

farthest/furthest

 

语法使用部分:

I.复习比较级和同级比较:

1.       比较级的范围:两者之间

2.       标志:than,需注意有than的一定是比较级,比较级不一定有than,如:He is the better of the two.

3.       the+比较级,the+比较级:越。。。越。。。 如:

4.       比较级+比较级:越来越。。。如:

5.       Which is ____, A or B?/ Which do you like____, A or B?此时应选比较级

6.  同级比较:肯定:as+原级+as  表示A和B在某一方面相同

              否定:not+ as/so+原级+as  表示A在某一方面不及另一方

比较级的具体用法:

1)A+形容词比较级+than+ B

Susan is happier than Jane.

His brother is younger than me.

Beijing is more beautiful than Osaka.

2)数字+形容词比较级+than

I’m two years older than you.

She is a head taller than me.

3)比较级+and+比较级,表示“越来越……”

The earth is getting warmer and warmer.

China becomes more and more stronger.

4)the +比较级,the +比较级结构,表示“越……就越……”

The more I study it, the more I like it.

5)which/who +is +比较级

Which city is bigger, Beijing or Tianjin?

Who is happier, you or me?

注意:在比较级前可以用much, a little, a lot, even等来修饰,如 much better, a little taller

II.学习最高级:

1.       比较范围:三者及三者以上

2.       标志:of/in 的短语,区别:

3.       注意:最高级前一般要加the,但也有特例:如形容词最高级前有序数词、物主代词、指示代词或名词所有格等限定词修饰时,最高级前不用the:my best friend

4.       Which is the_____, A, B or C?此时应填最高级

5. “the+序数词+最高级+名词”表示“第(几)。。。的人(物)”

  The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

6. “one of +the+最高级+名词复数”意为“最。。。的某人(物)之一”如:

  Jack is one of the tallest boys in our class.

▲注意:比较级和最高级在某些地方可以互换:

  如:Jim is the tallest of the three.= Jim is taller than any other student in the class.= Jim is taller than the other students in the class.

◆公式:any other+可数名词单数              the other+可数名词复数  (考点!!!!)

倍数比较是其难点与常考点之一:

公式:1. … times+比较级+than…   如: This room is five times bigger than ours.

      2. … times+ as+原级+as…   如: This table is three times as long as that one.

最高级意义的表达方法:


例句

 

最高级

She is the best in her class.

比较级

She is better than any other student in her class.

No other student in her class is better than she.

原级

No other student in her class is as good as she.


*副词原级主要句型:

1)as+副词原级+as               Tom runs as fast as Jones.

not as/so+副词原级+as            He didn’t come as/so early as Li Lei.

2)too+副词原级+to do sth.        Jean rides too slowly to catch up with me.

3)so +副词原级+ that            Jean rides so slowly that she can’t catch up with me.

4)副词原级+enough to do sth.     Jean doesn’t ride fast enough to catch up with me.

副词最高级前一般有the,也可省略。

He works (the) hardest of all the students in the class.

 

【Exercise】

一、写出以下各形容词的比较级和最高级:

1. nice ______________________  2. fat ____________________

3.slow_____________________   4. dry __________________

5. happy ____________________  6. wet ___________________

7. much ____________________  8. ill _____________________

9. little _____________________  10. bad __________________

11. thin ______________________ 12. far ___________________

13. early _____________________ 14. careful________________  

15. exciting ___________________ 16. busy __________________

14. well_______________________ 17.good__________________

二.单选题

1. This book is a little______ than that one.

  A. cheap  B. cheaper  C. cheapest   D. the cheaper

2. Our city is becoming _______.

  A. more beautiful and more beautiful

  B. more and more beautiful

  C. much beautiful and much beautiful

  D. much and much beautiful

3. Which do you like______, apples, oranges or pears?

  A. best   B. good  C. well    D. better

4. ______ of the two men is my English teacher.

  A. The taller   B. Taller   C. The tall

5. Lin Ping is _______ more athletic than me.

  A. few    B. a few     C. a little

6. The girl is as _____________ as her mother.

A. beautiful        B. more beautiful          C. beautifuler         D. more beautifuler

7. The ice in the lake is as ______as it was before.

  A. thin  B. thinner  C. thinnest   D. the thinnest

8. The water in this river is ____ the water in that one. It can’t be used for drinking.

  A. as clean as    B. not so clean as    C. as good as    D. not as dirty as

9. Hainan is a very large island. It’s the second ______island in China.

  A. large    B. larger    C. largest     D. most large

10. Justin Bieber is one of _______in the world.

  A. famous     B. more famous      C. the most famous     D. much famous

二、根据句意,用所括号内所级形容词的比较等级形式填空:

1. Bob is _________ (young) than Fred but ___________  (tall) than Fred.                         

2. Yingtian is not as ___________ (tall) as Yongxian.                                            

3. Almost all the students' faces are the same but Li Deming looks ______(fat) than before . 

4. Which is _________ (heavy), a hen or a chicken?                                     

5. He is ______ (bad) at learning maths. He is much _______ (bad) at Chinese and he is the   _________ (bad) at English.                       

6. Annie says Sally is the ________ (kind) person in the world.              

7.He is one of the_______         __(friendly) people in the class, I think.

8. A dictionary is much                        (expensive) than a story-book.

9. The Changjiang River is the _______ (long) river in China.  

10. My room is not as _________ (big) as my brother's.

11.--How difficult is physics?    --I' m not sure.

  -- Is it ________             (difficult) than maths?    -- I don't think so.

12. -- Annie plays the piano very ___________ (well).

  -- Sue plays it _____ (well) than Annie. And Sally plays it the _______ (well).

13. Saturday is my _________ (busy) day in a week.

14. Her mother is getting ____________ (fat) and ________ (fat).

15. I think it's too expensive. I'd like a _____________ (cheap) one.

16. He comes to school much ____________ (early) than I.                                     

17. This book is not as _____________ (interesting) as   that one.                                                                                        

18. Winter is _________ season of the years. ( cold )

19.This radio is not so ________ as that one. (cheap)

20. It is much _______ today than yesterday. (hot)

21. She is a little ____        ____ than her classmates. (careful)

22. Which book is ________, this one or that one? (easy)

23. Hainan is _______ from Beijing than Hunan. (far)

24. Things are getting _______ and _______. (bad)

25. The higher you climb, the _______ it will be. (cold)

四.同义句转换:

1. He is 14 years old. His friend is 12 years old.

His friend is __________ __________ he.

2. Our bikes are not the same as theirs.

Our bikes are __________ _________ theirs.

3. He is healthier than his friend.

He _______ _________ ________ of the two.

4. The girl is smarter than her classmates.

The girl is smarter than_______ ________ ________ in her class.

5. He is less popular than her.

He is not _________ popular _________ her. She is _________ _______ than him.

  评论这张
 
阅读(233)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017